PIPC has partnered with Xcenda to quantify the extent to which ICER incorporates stakeholder input in its final assessments, particularly patients. Upon review of submitted comments, and comparing those comments to ICER’s final value assessments, Xcenda was able to quantify that patient perspectives were half as likely to be incorporated than other stakeholders. The report published today by PIPC bolsters their argument that ICER needs to take steps to improve not only its process for engagement, but also its consideration of input received from patients.
More than 90 leading advocacy organizations representing patients, people with disabilities, physicians, and caregivers wrote a letter to CVS Caremark in opposition to a new policy that would discriminate against individuals with disabilities and chronic illnesses.
In August, CVS announced that they would offer new insurance plans that exclude drugs if they exceed a subjective “cost-effectiveness” threshold. CVS would rely on a deeply flawed value assessment model developed by the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) in determining whether treatments fall below a $100,000 “cost per quality-adjusted-life-year” limit. This type of cost effectiveness analysis discriminates against people with disabilities and other vulnerable groups like the elderly because it assigns higher value to people in “perfect health” than people in less-than-perfect health. As the letter states, "policy decisions based on cost-effectiveness ignore important differences among patients and instead rely on a single, one-size-fits-all assessment. Further, cost-effectiveness analysis discriminates against the chronically ill, the elderly and people with disabilities, using algorithms that calculate their lives as 'worth less' than people who are younger or non-disabled."
PIPC recently joined 50 leading organizations representing patients and people with disabilities in submitting a letter to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) urging the agency to act on their statute’s call for alternative payment models to be evaluated based on patient-centeredness criteria. PIPC Chairman Tony Coelho emphasized that when it comes to payment model development, CMMI must engage patients early in their work to develop and implement new models. Specifically, the letter offers three concrete steps to establish the criteria called for by CMMI’s statute: (1) Establish the “patient-centeredness criteria” mandated under Section 1115A of the Affordable Care Act, which requires evaluation of alternative payment models (APMs) against patient-centeredness criteria; (2) convene patient and consumer advisory panels for each of the Innovation Center models under development as well as those currently being implemented; and (3) define “informed decision-making” as a core criterion of patient-centeredness and a goal of each alternative payment model.
In response to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) request for information (RFI) on the agency's Blueprint to Lower Drug Prices and Reduce Out-of-Pocket Costs, PIPC has submitted a comment letter urging HHS to advance policies that emphasize the individual needs of patients. PIPC Chairman Tony Coelho encouraged HHS to make decisions that incorporate comparative clinical effectiveness research that works for patients to improve their health decisions, arguing for "informed healthcare that enables patients, doctors, and other health care professionals to choose the care that best meets the individual needs of the patient; and a health system that fosters continued medical innovation." The letter also includes four guiding principles for HHS to consider as they consider implementing new drug pricing policies, including: (1) avoid one-size-fits-all policies; (2) codify criteria for patient-centeredness across HHS programs; (3) convene patient advisory panels; and (4) focus on policies that advance informed healthcare.
PIPC Letter to MedPAC: Don’t Rely on Cost-Effectiveness to Make Coverage and Reimbursement Decisions
In a letter to the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC), Over 40 organizations representing patients, people with disabilities, and providers joined PIPC to express concerns about MedPAC’s consideration of cost effectiveness in Medicare. “We are concerned that the “incremental approach” suggested by commissioners may be intended to impose cost effectiveness over time, thereby avoiding intense scrutiny despite its methodological flaws and long-term impact on access to care. Additionally, such a policy recommendation would rely on overturning or undermining the law passed in 2010 by Congress banning Medicare from incorporating the QALY metric used in cost effectiveness analyses.
In response to a request for information from a bipartisan group of senators, PIPC has submitted comments on barriers to price and information transparency in health care. “When patients do not have access to information that allows them to assess the best available treatment for them, our health care system bears the cost of reduced treatment adherence, increased hospitalization and other acute care episodes, as well as the societal costs of increased disability over time. While insurers may see those costs in different buckets, patients do not. Your work could drive a more holistic perspective of healthcare centered on the patients and people with disabilities that are the ultimate beneficiaries of healthcare.”
In a letter to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Administrator Seema Verma, Partnership to Improve Patient Care (PIPC) Chairman Tony Coelho criticized the HHS Notice of Benefit and Payment Parameters for focusing on cost effectiveness and creating a national default definition of essential health benefits. While the notice proposes flexibility for states in defining essential health benefits, Chairman Coelho noted that the Notice of Benefit does not focus on how to align payment with achieving care tailored to individual patients. "It fluctuates between a policy of “anything goes” by allowing states increased flexibility in defining their benefit packages, and a “one-size-fits-all” policy relying on cost effectiveness reports to determine patient access to care," wrote Chairman Coelho. "To truly put patients first, CMS should instead embrace this as an opportunity to change the culture of our payment system to be patient-centered."
In a letter to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Administrator Seema Verma, Partnership to Improve Patient Care (PIPC) Chairman Tony Coelho submitted comments on behalf of PIPC in response to the Request for Information on a new direction to promote patient-centered care at the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI). Chairman Coelho urged CMS to implement "concrete reforms" in four key areas, including: (1) Defining a clear, consistent process for engaging patients and other stakeholders in development and implementation of CMMI evaluations; (2) Defining and adopting detailed criteria for patient-centeredness in CMMI evaluations; (3) Building on and strengthening the patient safeguards articulated in the RFI and; (4) Pursuing demonstrations that embody these reforms and put patients at the center of the health care.